The Number 13

SUPERSTITION

What is superstition and how it began?

Superstitions began centuries ago when our ancestors tried to explain mysterious circumstances or events as best as they could with the knowledge they had.
For instance, before the development of science explained such strange things as why mirrors show our reflections or why shadows appear when it’s sunny, ancient people reasoned that a shadow or reflection was part of their soul.
If someone broke something onto which the shadow or reflection appeared, people believed that their soul was harmed. Therefore, when a person broke a mirror it was considered unlucky or harmful.
Today we know that reflections and shadows are not part of our souls but if someone still believes it is bad luck to break a mirror they are said to be superstitious.
So a superstition is a belief or practice that people cling to even after new knowledge or facts prove that these silly beliefs are untrue.

Common superstitions:

  • Do not walk under a ladder or you will invite bad luck.
  • Breaking a mirror will bring you 7 years of bad luck.
  • It’s bad luck to have a black cat cross your path.
  • If you see a shooting star it will bring you good luck.
  • Carrying a rabbit’s foot in your pocket will bring good luck.
  • Don’t eat chicken on New Year’s Day or you will be scratching for money but if you eat pork you will be fattened with prosperity/money
  • People believe that when you visit someone you should leave through the same door you came in or otherwise it is bad luck.
  • If you step on a crack you will break your mother’s back.
  • If it rains on your wedding day you will be showered with good luck.

And one of the most popular superstitions is that the number 13 is bad luck.

number_13_c-kirstyhall

Did you know that fear of 13 has an official name? Yes, it really does!

It is called TRISKAIDEKAPHOBIA, and it affects many people in our society.
It has been estimated by various sources that U.S. businesses lose millions of dollars because of canceled appointments on 13th Friday. 41% of people Britain fear the number 13, especially if the date is Friday 13th. So they don’t leave their homes, or refuse to have operations on that day.
What is absolutely fascinating is that there is no explanation for this fear – TRISKAIDEKAPHOBIA (fear of the number 13). But, here are some interesting observations:

  • Industrialist Henry Ford wouldn’t do business on Friday, the 13th.
  • Multimillionaire Paul Getty once stated “I wouldn’t care to be one of thirteen at a table.”
  • President Franklin Delano Roosevelt would not dine in a group of 13 people.
  • Many hotel guests refuse to stay in Room 13, so rooms are frequently numbered 12, 12A, and 14.
  • Some say that a fear of the number 13 is the reason we only have 12 Zodiac signs, omitting a thirteenth… Ophiuchus (the Serpent Holder).
  • The ancient Hebrews thought 13 was unlucky because the thirteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet is the letter M, which is the first letter in the word “mavet,” meaning death.
  • Some believe that 13 is unlucky because it follows 12, which in ancient Babylonia, China, and Rome was considered to be a lucky number associated with completion and perfection.
  • Some like to trace the origins of fear of the number 13 to the Biblical version of the Last Supper – because it had 13 guests (13th being Judas who sold Jesus Christ).
  • Traditionally, there used to be 13 steps leading up the gallows. There’s also a legend that a hangman’s noose traditionally contained 13 turns, but it’s actually more like eight.
  • Apollo 13 is the only unsuccessful moon mission (intended to get men on the moon, anyway) thus far. An oxygen tank exploded and the survival of the astronauts on board was pretty touch-and-go for several days, but they did all come home safely in the end (but you already knew that).
  • There was a mass arrest and execution of the Knights Templar on Friday, October 13, 1307.
  • It was once believed that a witch’s coven was made up of exactly 13 members.

number-13
In the late 1800s, there was a group called “The Thirteen Club”. Their goal was to demystify the legend that seating 13 people at a table would result in the death of one of them in the year to follow. They met on the 13th of the month and had dinner 13 people to a table, and to make matters worse, they purposely spilled salt on the table without throwing it over their shoulders. The horror! They also fined members who showed up late — 13 cents, of course. Members of the club included five U.S. presidents: Benjamin Harrison, Grover Cleveland, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt and Chester A. Arthur. I’m not sure if it’s worth noting that two of these presidents were shot — one fatally, of course — but I’ll mention it anyway. And, if you’re keeping track, Chester A. Arthur only became president because he was vice when Garfield was assassinated.

Friday 13th Club actual footage

http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675046733_Friday-13th-Club_walk-under-ladder_skeleton-hung_chimpanzee-walks

shipwreck-1854

Sometime in the 19th century, the Royal Navy attempted to finally prove the old superstition among sailors wrong – that beginning a voyage on a Friday was certain to bring bad luck. To prove that this belief was wrong, they commissioned a ship named “HMS Friday”. Her keel was laid on a Friday, she was launched on a Friday, and she set sail on her maiden voyage on Friday the 13th, under the command of a Captain James Friday. She was never seen or heard from again.

Kaspar the Savoy cat

Kaspar the Savoy cat is a sculpture created to ward off bad luck. It has joined every dinner party of 13 at the Savoy restaurant in London in the last 86 years.
Kaspar’s tale began in 1898, when the diamond magnate Woolf Joel held a dinner party for 14 guests at the London hotel. One dropped out at the last minute, reducing the number of diners to 13, prompting one to predict that death would befall the first person to leave the table. Joel scoffed at the idea and left first. Weeks later he was shot dead.
Shocked by the news, the hotel invited staff to join tables of 13. This practice continued until in 1927 when the designer Basil Ionides created a 2ft-high feline sculpture to become the 14th dinner guest.

Some interesting links for further reading:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/13_%28number%29#In_religion

http://www.history.com/news/ask-history/whats-so-unlucky-about-the-number-13

http://www.livescience.com/14147-number-13-bad-luck.html

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/02/0212_040212_friday13.html

http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/top-13-the-unluckiest-friday-13ths-430677

Creative Commons License
This work by EnglishOŠAca is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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