This is a flag of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the official name of the country). It is also called “The Union Jack”. And these are the flags that make the Union Jack. This is the map of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
- Full name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
- Population: 61.9 million (UN, 2010)
- Capital: London
- Area: 242,514 sq km (93,638 sq miles)
- Major language: English
- Major religion: Christianity
- Life expectancy: 78 years (men), 82 years (women) (UN)
- Monetary unit: 1 pound sterling = 100 pence
- Main exports: Manufactured goods, chemicals, foodstuffs
- GNI per head: US $41,520 (World Bank, 2009)
- Internet domain: .uk
- International dialling code: +44
England is in north-west Europe and is in the southern part of Great Britain. It is an island country and part of the United Kingdom (UK). England is the largest country in Great Britain and the UK. England is bordered by Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. There is only a 34 kilometer gap between England and France and the countries are connected by the Channel Tunnel which opened in 1994. England includes many small islands such as the Isle of Wight and Hayling Island.
Around 53 million live in England.
The capital city of England is London. Other major cities are Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield, Liverpool, Newcastle and Leeds.
London – The Houses of Parliament, The Thames, The London Eye
The longest river in England is the River Thames, it flows through London.
The largest lake in England is named Windermere.
The highest mountain in England is Scafell Pike, and it is 978 meters high.
England uses the pound sterling as its currency.
Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in England but others such as cricket and rugby have large followings.
The Summer Olympic Games have been held in London 3 times, in 1908, 1948 and 2012.
The official London home of the British monarch (king or queen) is Buckingham Palace.
Wales is in north-west Europe and is part of Great Britain. Wales is bordered by England to the east, the Bristol Channel to the south, St George’s Channel in the west, and the Irish Sea to the north. Wales is a principality – it is ruled by a prince. Traditionally the Prince of Wales is the eldest son of the English monarch. Wales has not been politically independent since 1282, when it was conquered by King Edward I of England.
Wales is called Cymru in Welsh.
3 million people live in Wales.
English and Welsh are the two official languages of Wales. Welsh is a Celtic language
Cardiff is the largest city and also the capital of Wales.
Cardiff – Cardiff Castle
Other major cities in Wales include Swansea and Newport in the south and Wrexham to the north of the country.
Snowdon is the highest mountain in Wales. It is 1085m high.
The country of Wales has more castles per square mile than any other country in the world.
Wales is often called “the land of song” the country is known for its harpists, male choirs, and solo artists.
Lamb is the meat traditionally associated with Welsh cooking owing to the amount of sheep farming in the country.
Rugby Union is seen as the national sport and is passionately played and followed by most of the country. Tennis was invented in Wales in 1873
Famous Welsh people
Wales is known for its great actors: Richard Burton, and today Sir Anthony Hopkins and Catherine Zeta Jones.
Musicians: Tom Jones Shirley Bassey.
Musical groups: Catatonia, Super Furry Animals, The Stereophonics, Manic Street Preachers.
Scotland is in north-west Europe and is part of Great Britain, and the United Kingdom (UK). Scotland shares a border with England. Scotland includes over 700 islands. These include groups called Orkney, Shetland and the Hebrides.
Around 5.3 million live in Scotland.
The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh while the largest city is Glasgow. Other major cities include Aberdeen and Dundee.
The highest mountain in Scotland is Ben Nevis, and it is 1344 metres high.
The Scottish Highlands are a mountainous region of Scotland with historical importance and a low population density.
Most major cities are located in the Scottish Lowlands.
Scotland has a unique culture with traditions such as bagpipes, kilts and highland dancing.
The thistle is a national symbol of Scotland.
Scotland is famous for its fresh water lochs (lakes) – there are over 600 square miles of them. One of the most famous is Loch Ness where a mysterious monster is said to lurk in the depths of the water. Theater lovers from around the world come to Edinburgh for its famous theaters festival.
The Loch Ness monster – Nessie
Famous People of Scotland
Famous Scots include: Walter Scott, Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Conan Doyle, David Hume and the actor Sean Connery.
Famous musicians of Scotland include Annie Lennox, Wet Wet Wet, Travis and Simple Minds.
Northern Ireland lies in the northeast of the island of Ireland.
History Northern Ireland
In 1801 the whole of Ireland became part of the United Kingdom, and it was called The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. After years of civil war, Ireland became a republic in 1921. At this time, Britain negotiated with Ireland to keep the six counties in the north-east of Ireland. These six counties now make up what is known as Northern Ireland.
The capital and the biggest city is Belfast.
The Northern Ireland Assembly was established as part of the Belfast Agreement (also known as the Good Friday Agreement). The Assembly debates and makes laws, and scrutinies and makes decisions on the work of the Northern Ireland government departments. Devolution to the Northern Ireland Assembly and Executive was suspended in October 2002 and restored on 8 May 2007 Interesting Facts HMS Titanic ship was built in Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland.
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