Journey into Space

The solar system includes the Sun and all the objects that orbit around it due to its gravity. This includes things such as planets, comets, asteroids, meteoroids and moons.
The Solar System formed around 4.6 billion years ago.
There are eight planets in the Solar System. The four inner planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars while the four outer planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.
There is an asteroid belt which lies between the orbits or Mars and Jupiter, it features a large number of irregular shaped asteroids.
For thousands of years humans were unaware of the Solar System and believed that Earth was at the center of the Universe.
Astronomers such as Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler and Isaac Newton helped develop a new model that explained the movement of the planets with the Sun at the center of the Solar System.

First space explorers

Laika was a Soviet space dog that became the first animal to orbit the Earth – as well as the first animal to die in orbit.

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961.

Neil Alden Armstrong (born August 5, 1930) is an American former astronaut, test pilot, aerospace engineer, university professor, United States Naval Aviator, and the first person to set foot upon the Moon in 1969.

International Space Station has been developed by 16 nations: the USA, Canada, Japan, Russia, Brazil, and 11 nations of the European Space Agency. It orbs the Earth at an altitude of 400km and is staffed by international crew of astronauts who carry out research in solar-powered laboratories.
The first space tourist was American businessman Dennis Tito, who was flown to the Russian MIR space station in 2000. Two years later South African millionaire, Mark Shuttleworth, spent ten days on the International Space Station. The cost of each flight was approximately $20 million.

Formation of Space Tourism

From the ancient age Space inspires our interest and enthusiasm. Astronauts’ anecdotes and documentary films provide us opportunities to become familiar with space.
If low-cost fully reusable space vehicle is successfully developed, space tourism will be a viable market. Shimizu Corporation proposes the Space Hotel to support the development of this promising business opportunity.

Structure of the Space Hotel

The Space Hotel is a large-scale space structure consisted with a 240m-long elevator shaft and four functional elements.
Even non-trained people can enjoy staying in the Space Hotel in Low Earth Orbit.
Tour participants will spend pleasant time viewing down the transparent blue Earth, thin veil atmosphere, beautiful floating clouds and the dawn of the Earth. In addition, they will enjoy astronomical observation, sports, and meal under microgravity as well as communications with the Earth.
The large truncated octahedron complex structure is composed of several modules, such as a lobby, restaurants, and an amusement hall. Sports, games and meal under microgravity will be unforgettable experiences for tour participants.
64 guest rooms plus 40 staff rooms are arranged in a 140m diameter ring. This ring rotates at 3rpm, which produces an artificial gravity of 0.7G, and tour participants can feel comfortable and relaxed in the guest rooms.

The planets of our Solar System

http://www.manatee.k12.fl.us/sites/elementary/samoset/psgk3ex.htm

Our Solar System

http://www.kidsastronomy.com/solar_system.htm

Solar System Exploration

http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/kids/index.cfm

Space Hotel – space tourism

http://www.shimz.co.jp/english/theme/dream/spacehotel.html

Creative Commons License
This work by EnglishOŠAca is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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