A letter from Canada

flag-canada-16474003-800-600OFFICIAL NAME: Canada
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Federal parliamentary state
CAPITAL: Ottawa
POPULATION: 34,834,841
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, French
MONEY: Canadian dollar
AREA: 3,849,674 square miles (9,970,610 square kilometers)
MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES: Rockies, Coast, Laurentian
MAJOR RIVERS: St. Lawrence, Mackenzie

Canada_map

 

Welcome to Canada, the second largest country in the world. The name Canada comes from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word ‘kanata’, meaning “village” or”settlement”.

HISTORY

The first people came to Canada between 15,000 and 30,000 years ago from Asia. Around A.D. 1000, the Vikings reached Newfoundland.
In the 16th century, French and British people arrived. There were many wars between Indian tribes and the Europeans. After he final war, called the’ French and Indian War’, the British controlled Canada. In 1931, Canada became an independent nation.

GOVERNMENT

The British Queen is the head of state of Canada. The Queen is represented by a governor – general. Laws are made by Canada’s federal government.

PEOPLE & CULTURE

ottawa

 

Ottawa

The capital city – Ottawa, is not the biggest city. the biggest city is Montreal. Canada has many nations in one. The children of British and French immigrants make up about one half the population.

toronto-3

Toronto

The Indians and the Inuit make up about four percent of the population. Inuit people live in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Their artwork  is seen as a symbol of Canadian culture.

the inuits

The Inuit

GEOGRAPHY

Canada is a big land – the second largest country in the world. In Canada there are black-blue lakes, many rivers and mountains, rolling plains, and forested valleys. Canada’s north is frozen Arctic, where ice, snow, and glaciers dominate the landscape. The longest mountain range is called the ‘Rockies’.

TRANSITIONS OPTICAL - The Canadian Rockies (Alberta)

The Rockies

NATURE

Canada’s north and forests are home to wildlife, from bears, wolves, beavers, deer, mountain lions, and bighorn sheep to smaller animals like raccoons, otters, and rabbits. The country’s lakes and rivers are full of fish such as trout and salmon.

Bull-Trout-771884

trout

Canada’s prairies in the south are home to bison and pronghorn antelope.

bison_bull_photo

bison

pronghorn antelope

pronghorn antelope

In the north are Canada’s evergreen forests, which have lots of wildlife, like moose and black bears.

moose

moose

Farther north is the cold tundra, where herds of caribou and musk ox live. Canada has 41 national parks and three marine conservation areas. Despite that many animals like wolves, lynx, and Atlantic fish have been overhunted and overfished.

Denali Caribou Running

caribou

http://www.canada.ca/en/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada

http://www.timeforkids.com/destination/canada

http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/canada.html

 

 

Creative Commons License
This work by EnglishOŠAca is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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